District Profile

Mahamaya Nagar (Erstwhile Hathras) district situated in south western semi-arid eco-system (zone - IV) of U.P. It is located at Latitude of 270-29.110 North and longitude of 77.290 - 78.260 East and is about179.8 meter above mean sea level. District Hathras is surrounded by Aligarh in North, Agra in South, Kanshiram Nagar in East and in west by Mathura. There are 4 sub divisions and seven development blocks in district. The total geographical area of the district is 178968 ha; out of which net sown area is 145636 hectares. The area under irrigation is 144393 hectares. The cropping intensity is around 170 per cent.

District enjoys moderate climate through out the year. It is characterized by hot summer, cold winter and moderate rainy season. The annual rainfall is about 656 mm.

The soil of the district Hathras is alluvial soils. These soils characterized by their depth and a gray or grayish brown color. Their texture varies from sandy, sandy loam to clay loam. Structure is also variable, being loose, open and free draining in case of sandy soils and compact imperious in case of the clayey soils. In general the whole area is an indo gangetic plain with a gentle slope from North-West to South-East. Significant area of district is alkaline also. Hence, the coverage. Intensity and patterns of crops and farming systems are different from one area to another area. Jwar, Bajra, Maize, Cotton, Paddy, Arhar and Moong are major crops during kharif, while Wheat, Mustard field pea and potato are commonly grown in rabi season. Cotton and Sugarcane (with small area) are major cash crops of the district. Summer Bajra has been introduced recently and now the area under the crop increased markedly. The small and marginal farmers are growing vegetable like cucurbits, Brinjal and Onion. Guava, Mango. Aonla and Ber are main fruit crops of the area.


2.1 Major Farming Systems/Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)


Farming System Analysis is to be done.

2.2 Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics Agro Ecological Situation Characteristics
1 South west Gangetic region (semi-arid to tropical) Hot summer up to 47-480C in June, cold winter up to 2.20C in January and moderate rain fall. (656mm) AES-1
AES-2
Shallow soils, Sandy loam soil, irrigated, problem of brackish water irrigated with canal and tube well, rice and rose is also grown.
Deep soil sandy in texture poor in fertility irrigated with canal tube well, Bajra and Maize in Kharif and Wheat in Rabi is grown.

Soil Type

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Sandy
  • Poor water holding capacity.
  • Shallow soil depth.
  • Poor fertility.
  • Lacking organic carbon contents.
  • Well drained.
  • 68647
    2 Sandy Loam
  • Poor in drainage
  • Good water holding capacity.
  • Problem of salinity.
  • Good soil depth.
  • Well fertile.
  • 76989

    Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

    S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
    1 Rice 11.098 21.63 19.49
    2 Wheat 82.59 253.98 30.76
    3 Maize 3.626 6.66 18.39
    4 Bajra 47.052 69.44 14.76
    5 Urd 167 0.9 5.39
    6 Moong 146 .54 3.70
    7 Arhar 5630 54.74 9.72
    8 Cotton 1.448 18.21 1.37
    9 Mustard 11.098 14.15 10.21
    10 Barley 11.098 11.48 26.54
    11 Potato 11.098 9598 249.00

    Weather Data

    Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature 0 C Relative Humidity (%)
    Annual Average 656 mm Maximum : 45
    Minimum : 12
    30

    Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

    Category Population Production Productivity
    Cattle
    Crossbred 5074
    Indigenous 50518
    Buffalo 353594
    Sheep 8427
    Crossbred
    Indigenous
    Goats 83932
    Pigs
    Crossbred 13676
    Indigenous
    Rabbits
    Poultry 46295
    Hens
    Desi
    Improved
    Ducks
    Turkey and Others
    Fish
    Marine
    Inland
    Prawn
    Scampi
    Shrimp

    Details of Operational Area / Villages

    S.N. Taluk Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Identified Identified Thrust Areas
    1 Hathras Hasayan Mitanpur Rice, Wheat, Mustard Bajra, Arhar, Rose Poor productivity of wheat and rice. Poor productivity of food grains.
    Popularization of hybrid Bajra, Maize and Rice cultivation.
    Increasing productivity of pulses and oil seeds.
    Soil and water management.
    I.N.M.
    I.P.M.
    2 Sasni Sasni Kateliya Rice, Wheat, Mustard Bajra, Arhar, Rose Poor productivity of wheat and rice. Poor productivity of food grains.
    Popularization of hybrid Bajra, Maize and Rice cultivation.
    Increasing productivity of pulses and oil seeds.
    Soil and water management.
    I.N.M.
    I.P.M.
    3 S. Rao Sasni Salempur Rice, Wheat, Mustard Bajra, Arhar, Rose Poor productivity of wheat and rice. Poor productivity of food grains.
    Popularization of hybrid Bajra, Maize and Rice cultivation.
    Increasing productivity of pulses and oil seeds.
    Soil and water management.
    I.N.M.
    I.P.M.

    Priority Thrust Areas

    S.N. Thrust Area
    1 Poor productivity of food grains.
    2 Popularization of hybrid Bajra, Maize and Rice cultivation.
    3 Increasing productivity of pulses and oil seeds.
    4 Soil and water management.
    5 I.N.M.
    6 I.P.M.
    7 Training of school drops out for self employment in Agri-business.